Industrial cleaning is a part of the larger sector, which falls under the general heading of environmental clean-up. Industrial cleaners can be employed in assistance to any number of different areas within the industry and manufacturing sectors. Different types of industrial cleaners include:
1) Waste Treatment
Waste treatment involves treating waste products in order to transform them into forms that are more acceptable and safe for disposal or re-use. For example, waste materials such as organic solvents that cannot be burned should ideally be recycled by being made into biofuels instead. Fats, oils, and grease (FOG), often used in commercial kitchens should be treated to reduce their toxicity before they are discharged into sewers where they are likely to overload wastewater treatment plants, creating a risk of environmental damage.
De-greasing agents are used to dissolve and separate fats, oils, and grease from surfaces where they have been applied. The main ingredient in most commercial de-greasing products is alkaline soaps such as ammonium salts of fatty acids. These chemicals are safe for the environment but can be toxic or even fatal if ingested by humans or animals so their use should be strictly controlled.
3) Pollution Prevention
Pollution prevention involves a greater awareness on the part of industry and manufacturing companies about reducing pollution by implementing changes in business practices rather than relying on reactive approaches that seek to treat or clean up after some form of contamination has already occurred. For example, improved containment systems can stop pollutants from getting into the environment in the first place.
4) Waste Minimization
Waste minimization is another form of pollution prevention that involves reducing the number of wastes entering landfills or being discharged into sewers by avoiding or minimizing unnecessary waste production during manufacturing or construction activities. Some examples are transporting material on reusable pallets instead of disposable wooden boards, supplying tools for assembly rather than loose parts, organizing production to minimize “off-cuts” and so on.
5) Tackling Spills
Spillage control refers to preventing spills from occurring which can be achieved by carefully monitoring high-risk areas where hazardous materials may leak out, using spill kits where appropriate, and have trained staff who know how to respond effectively when spills occur.
6) Pool Cleaners
Pool cleaners are used in swimming pools, which need to be kept clean and hygienic for health reasons by removing organic contaminants such as broken-down plant material. Some pool cleaners use chlorine or other chemicals while others work with natural bacteria that can break down leftover plant matter without producing toxic side effects.
7) Industrial Rags
Industrial rags are made from reusable cloth materials rather than paper towels that fragment into tiny pieces when they are used which then end up contaminating the environment through sewer systems or landfill sites. Industrial rags can be highly absorbent non-woven fabrics that have been laminated with polyethylene which prevents staining while still being easily disposable because it is water-resistant.
8) Floor Cleaners
Industrial floor cleaners are used to remove dirt and contaminants from factory floors, warehouses, construction sites, etc. They can be divided into two main types: heavy-duty cleaners which are designed for use in large areas with heavy traffic or light-duty cleaners that are more suited to smaller spaces with lighter footfall. Industrial floor cleaner liquids contain surfactants (surface active agents) that bond to dirt particles so they can be easily rinsed away while also preventing the spread of slippery patches that could cause accidents in hazardous work environments.
9) Solvent Degreasing Agents
Solvents are materials that dissolve other materials such as oils and grease by forming a chemical solution (unlike water which is a physical solution). Solvent degreasing agents are used to remove carbon deposits, dried machining oils, and other contaminants from surfaces where they have been applied.
10) Corrosion Prevention
Corrosion prevention involves applying chemicals that inhibit the formation of rust or corrosion on metal surfaces. These can be coating materials that form a film over metallic building components to prevent corrosive compounds from reaching the underlying metals while also providing some additional benefits such as insulation. Some of these chemical coatings can be very thin layers but others are thicker resinous materials which are often referred to as primers or adhesives depending on their function.